Canine hip dysplasia can be a nightmare for your dog. This disease will cause your dog tremendous amount of pain and it will also limit his range of movement. To treat this disease and most importantly, to prevent your dog from getting it you need to understand the reason that many dog breeds get hip dysplasia disease in the first place.
What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Dog
Hip dysplasia is a disease that is caused by malformation of ball and socket joint. The malformation makes the ball and socket joint cannot meet properly. As a result, the joints rub against one another and cause pain for the dogs. Here are some of the most common cause of this disease.
Genetics play an important role in canine hip dysplasia. This is why some dog breeds are more prone to this disease compared to the others, especially large breed dogs like German Shepherd. However, it is important to note that at this point, scientists have not found specific genes that will cause hip dysplasia.
The genetics that we discuss here is genes associated with hip dysplasia and it is only found in some dog breeds. It means, puppies will not be born with hip dysplasia. This disease is developed at some point and dog breeds that have the genes associated with the disease have bigger chance to be affected.
Just because some dogs are more prone to get this disease, it doesn’t mean that the others are immune from it. As a matter of fact, genetics only contribute around 20% to 30%. The biggest reason that can cause hip dysplasia in dogs is actually environmental factor like obesity. When the dog is obese or gain huge amount of weight in a short amount of time, the extra weight will put too much pressure on their joints and the disease will be more likely to appear.
Besides obesity, extreme exercise is also reported to increase the risk of hip dysplasia. Exercise, although beneficial, can cause problems too if it is overdone. If the dog uses their joints too much before it is fully developed, hip dysplasia might occur.
How to Prevent It
Now that you have understood the reason that many dog breeds get hip dysplasia disease, you need to take necessary measures to prevent it. Of course there is little you can do if it involves genetic. Even carefully observing the dog’s parentage also will not help. But you can still decrease the risks caused by the environmental factors.
Make sure you give proper nutrition for your dog to prevent him from being obese. Consult your vet and you can also give joint supplements to your dog. Furthermore, you also need to be careful with how your dog exercises.
When your pup is still less than 2 months old, his bones and joints haven’t grown properly. During this stage, you need to make sure that your puppy doesn’t exercise too vigorously because it will be dangerous for his joints. But in the same time he still needs to be active to prevent obesity. You need to be able to keep everything balance and always pay attention to any abnormalities.